# How to generate random numbers in excel

##### posted on: 07-03-2019

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Random numbers are used in many operations like statistical sampling, complex calculations, etc. Random numbers have always been used to process numbers. Suppose there are 50 employees in a company if the management needs to assign
a task, they can generate random numbers to assign each individual randomly to avoid confusion. In excel we have two functions called Rand() and Randbetween() to generate random numbers.

### RANDBETWEEN(MIN,MAX)

Randbetween function is used to generate random numbers between a range of numbers, say between 0 to 9 this will generate random numbers between 0 to 9. The main purpose of this function is to genarate random number between two values.

**Function:**

##### =RANDBETWEEN(min,max)

This function gets two arguments bottom and top values which like minimum value to maximum value to generate random numbers.

### RAND() Function

Rand function is used to generate random numbers greater than 0 and less than 1 (eg. 0.75468). The main purpose of this function is to generate a random number between 0 to 1.This function does not get any values as arguments.

**Function:**

**=RAND()**

Both rand() and randbetween() recalculates random number on open and if there is any change in the sheet, which is to be noted as values often change dynamically . in order to avoid excel from recalculating random numbers copy
the values and paste it as paste special.

**Method 1:**

In order to generate random numbers between a range of numbers, say for example if you want to generate random numbers from 1 to 20, we should use randbetween() function in excel.

As per our example, the minimum value or bottom is 1 and the maximum is 20 or top, so your function should be,

=RANDBETWEEN(1,20)

The above function returned 13 as a random number between 1 to 20. (Press F9 to recalculate).

The .select property selects the last used cell in a row or column. As you can see the last used cell in column A is A13 which is selected. Once the cell is selected you can style the cell, copy to another cell or sheet, append
row or column, etc can be made.

##### Method 2:

This method generates a random number greater than 0 but less than 1.

**Function:**

**=RAND()**

As you can see, the RAND() function returned a value between 0 to 1.

**Note:** These random values changes on recalculation, which mean values are not constant they are dynamic.

Try experimenting with these codes to get clarity.

Download project file

Video: How to generate random numbers in excel

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